India and Pakistan have been one country since Mughal times, and we share the same culture. When I meet Pakistanis I feel no different from them. We look like each other, we speak the same language Hindustani, we have the same food habits, the common love for Urdu literature, etc. Indians and Pakistanis socialize abroad as if there had never been a Partition. In fact, we are one country, artificially divided, but we must reunite.
Partition of India in 1947 was done on the basis of the bogus two-nation theory that Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations. If religion is the basis of a nation then almost every country will have to be partitioned, because there are Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, etc in almost every country, e.g. in UK, USA, France, Germany, etc
As pointed out in detail in my article ‘ The Truth about Pakistan ‘ published in the Pakistani newspaper ‘ The Nation ‘ ( see online ), Partition was a historical British swindle, a culmination of the divide and rule policy, whose purpose was to keep Hindus and Muslims fighting each other and thereby keep the subcontinent poor and weak, and a big buyer of foreign arms.
We were befooled by the Britishers into thinking Hindus and Muslims are enemies ( see online ‘ History in the Service of Imperialism ‘ by B.N.Pande ) but how much longer must we remain befooled? How much longer must blood flow between us.
When I said that India and Pakistan must reunite under a secular govt most people said I am daydreaming. But when Mazzini spoke of Italian unification he was also called a daydreamer. Yet his dream came true under Cavour and Garibaldi. Vietnam was reunited in 1975, and Germany in 1990. So to say that much water has flown since 1947 is neither here nor there.
Some say that there is a lot of hatred between the people of the two countries, and so we cannot reunite. But this hatred is artificial. In fact, when Indians go to Pakistan they are overwhelmed by the love and affection they get, and the same happens when Pakistanis come to India.
No doubt reunification will not happen easily, because those who divided us will not like to see united India emerge as a huge industrial giant, like another China, but it is bound to happen, though it will take time. However, the time has come to put forward the idea of Indo-Pak reunification. It is like planting a seed, which may take 10-15 years to grow into a fruit-bearing tree, but that is what all of us must do, overtly or covertly, if we wish to enjoy the fruits.
By Justice Markandey Katju
former Judge, Supreme Court of India